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Eclipse解决Cannot change version of project facet Dynamic web module to 2.5

我们用Eclipse创建Maven结构的web项目的时候选择了Artifact Id为maven-artchetype-webapp,由于这个catalog比较老,用的servlet还是2.3的,而一般现在至少都是2.5,在Project Facets里面修改Dynamic web module为2.5的时候就会出现Cannot change version of project facet Dynamic web module to 2.5,如图:
1
其实在右边可以看到改到2.5需要的条件以及有冲突的facets,解决这个问题的步骤如下:
1.把Servlet改成2.5,打开项目的web.xml.
改之前:

<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC  
 "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"  
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >  

<web-app>  
  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>  
</web-app>  

改之后:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<web-app version="2.5"  
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee  
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">  

  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>  
</web-app>  

2.修改项目的设置,在Navigator下打开项目.settings目录下的org.eclipse.jdt.core.prefs

eclipse.preferences.version=1  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.codegen.inlineJsrBytecode=enabled  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.codegen.targetPlatform=1.5  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.compliance=1.5  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.assertIdentifier=error  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.enumIdentifier=error  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.forbiddenReference=warning  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.source=1.5  

1.5改成1.6:

eclipse.preferences.version=1  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.codegen.inlineJsrBytecode=enabled  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.codegen.targetPlatform=1.6  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.compliance=1.6  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.assertIdentifier=error  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.enumIdentifier=error  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.problem.forbiddenReference=warning  
org.eclipse.jdt.core.compiler.source=1.6  

3.打开org.eclipse.wst.common.component

<project-modules id="moduleCoreId" project-version="1.5.0">  
    <wb-module deploy-name="test">  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/" source-path="/target/m2e-wtp/web-resources"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/" source-path="/src/main/webapp" tag="defaultRootSource"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/WEB-INF/classes" source-path="/src/main/java"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/WEB-INF/classes" source-path="/src/main/resources"/>  
        <property name="context-root" value="test"/>  
        <property name="java-output-path" value="/test/target/classes"/>  
    </wb-module>  
</project-modules>  

project-version="1.5.0“改成project-version="1.6.0“:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<project-modules id="moduleCoreId" project-version="1.6.0">  
    <wb-module deploy-name="test">  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/" source-path="/target/m2e-wtp/web-resources"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/" source-path="/src/main/webapp" tag="defaultRootSource"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/WEB-INF/classes" source-path="/src/main/java"/>  
        <wb-resource deploy-path="/WEB-INF/classes" source-path="/src/main/resources"/>  
        <property name="context-root" value="test"/>  
        <property name="java-output-path" value="/test/target/classes"/>  
    </wb-module>  
</project-modules> 

4.打开org.eclipse.wst.common.project.facet.core.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<faceted-project>  
  <fixed facet="wst.jsdt.web"/>  
  <installed facet="java" version="1.5"/>  
  <installed facet="jst.web" version="2.3"/>  
  <installed facet="wst.jsdt.web" version="1.0"/>  
</faceted-project>  

<installed facet="java" version="1.5"/>改成<installed facet="java" version="1.6"/>,把<installed facet="jst.web" version="2.3"/>改成<installed facet="jst.web" version="2.5"/>:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<faceted-project>  
  <fixed facet="wst.jsdt.web"/>  
  <installed facet="java" version="1.6"/>  
  <installed facet="jst.web" version="2.5"/>  
  <installed facet="wst.jsdt.web" version="1.0"/>  
</faceted-project>  

都改好之后在打开看看,已经把Dynamic web module改成了2.5
1
好了,大功搞成,这是一种解决办法,但是治标不治本,更高级的就是自定义catalog,然后安装到本地,再创建的时候啥都有了,比如把现在流行的s(struts2)shssis(springmvc)sh创建catalog,包括包结构,部分代码啥的都有.

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